Convert Programmatically Created Queries to Named Queries

Using named queries has some nice advantages as described in Organize Your Named JPQL Queries. But it is not easy to convert queries to named queries as former are often programmatically created via string concatenation. At a first glance this seems to be a show stopper. In this post I will show two approaches to convert such queries into named queries.
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Unit Testing of DB Schema and Named Queries

It is essential to software development, that bugs or misconfiguration are detected as early as possible. Therefore, tests being run during the build process can help to detect problems before your software is applied in a productive environment. In a EJB 3.0 application you may validate your DB-Schema and your named queries in a unit test, by starting up the EntityManagerFactory. It is one of the fine new features of JPA 1.0 (related to CMP in EJB 2.x) that you are able to use it without a container in a normal Java application. For your test you need a jndi.properties in your classpath:
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Organize Your Named JPQL Queries

Named queries have some nice properties. They are precompiled and therefore faster than their “normal” counterparts, encourage to use named parameters, make your code easier to read and avoid messing up your code with string concatenated queries. A nice addon is, that named queries are validated during the creation of the persistence unit. If you have a unit test (see unit test db schema and named queries), checking whether the entities represent a valid DB Schema, the named queries are validated, too. So, there will be syntactical as well as some static analysis (e.g. “exist all referenced entities?”) during the test phase, before your application is even packaged.
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